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HAWTHORN LEAF AND FLOWER EXTRACT BENEFITS

KEY BENEFITS OF HAWTHORN

  • Supports a calm mood
    • Supports mental well-being
    • Supports cardiovascular health

ABOUT HAWTHORN

European herbal traditions used the leaves and flowers of Hawthorn - Crataegus species, such as C.monogyna and C.oxyacantha - as a heart tonic (i.e., something to boost the heart's efficiency) and as a means of supporting an aging heart.

 

As a traditional remedy, it was used when extra support was needed for stress, nervousness, emotional health, and sleep.

 

One of the most interesting aspects of hawthorn lore pertains to its ability to calm nerves and the heart, as well as being a mood booster. As a result, hawthorn was used to support both the physical and emotional heart.

 

Although hawthorn has never been studied in humans, in Celtic lore it was said to be able to put people to sleep.

 

When consumed over time, hawthorn has been shown to have benefits for the cardiovascular system. There is little research available for relaxation, mood and sleep, but the studies that have been done, mostly in animals or in conjunction with other ingredients, are supportive of these traditional uses.

 

Hawkthorn is primarily a source of flavonoids, such as oligomeric proanthocyanidins, vitexin-2 rhamnoside, and hyperoside.


HAWTHORN FULL BENEFITS

Brain function

 

  • Supports cognitive functions[1–3]
  • Supports neuroprotective functions[1,4,5]
  • Supports brain antioxidant defenses[1,5]
  • Down-regulates acetylcholinesterase (AChE)[1,6]

 

Mood and well-being

 

  • Supports a calm mood[7–10]

 

Cardiovascular health

 

  • Supports healthy cardiovascular function[7,11,12]
  • Supports cardiovascular stem/progenitor cells[13]

 

Immune system

 

  • Supports adaptive immunity[14,15]

HAWTHORN LEAF AND FLOWER EXTRACT CAN BE FOUND IN:

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REFERENCES

[1] M. Saoudi, R.B. Slama-Ben Salem, M.B. Salem, N. Brahmi, R. Badraoui, M. Nasri, A. El Feki, Biomed. Pharmacother. 114 (2019) 108795.
[2] A. Pirmoghani, I. Salehi, S. Moradkhani, S.A. Karimi, S. Salehi, IBRO Rep 7 (2019) 90–96.
[3] E. Zarrinkalam, K. Ranjbar, I. Salehi, N. Kheiripour, A. Komaki, Biomed. Pharmacother. 97 (2018) 503–510.
[4] D.-L. Zhang, Y.-T. Zhang, J.-J. Yin, B.-L. Zhao, J. Neurochem. 90 (2004) 211–219.
[5] C. Elango, K.S. Jayachandaran, S. Niranjali Devaraj, Int. J. Dev. Neurosci. 27 (2009) 799–803.
[6] M. Ali, S. Muhammad, M.R. Shah, A. Khan, U. Rashid, U. Farooq, F. Ullah, A. Sadiq, M. Ayaz, M. Ali, M. Ahmad, A. Latif, Front. Pharmacol. 8 (2017) 327.
[7] A.F. Walker, G. Marakis, A.P. Morris, P.A. Robinson, Phytotherapy Research 16 (2002) 48–54.
[8] M. Hanus, J. Lafon, M. Mathieu, Curr. Med. Res. Opin. 20 (2004) 63–71.
[9] M. Bourin, T. Bougerol, B. Guitton, E. Broutin, Fundam. Clin. Pharmacol. 11 (1997) 127–132.
[10] O.D. Can, U.D. Ozkay, N. Oztürk, Y. Oztürk, Pharm. Biol. 48 (2010) 924–931.
[11] N. Idris-Khodja, C. Auger, E. Koch, V.B. Schini-Kerth, Phytomedicine 19 (2012) 699–706.
[12] A.I.A. Al-Gareeb, Mustansiriya Medical Journal 11 (2012) 52–57.
[13] J. Halver, K. Wenzel, J. Sendker, C. Carrillo García, C.A.J. Erdelmeier, E. Willems, M. Mercola, N. Symma, S. Könemann, E. Koch, A. Hensel, D. Schade, Front. Pharmacol. 10 (2019) 1357.
[14] M. Lis, M. Szczypka, A. Suszko-Pawłowska, A. Sokół-Łętowska, A. Kucharska, B. Obmińska-Mrukowicz, Planta Med. 86 (2020) 160–168.
[15] X. Tan, Z. Sun, Z. Huang, C. Zhou, H. Lin, L. Tan, P. Xun, Q. Huang, Fish Shellfish Immunol. 70 (2017) 656–664.